By International Development Research Centre
Ebook by way of foreign improvement examine Centre
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Extra info for A Decade of Reform: Science & Technology Policy in China
Meanwhile, as reforms in the operational mechanisms have proceeded — with both accomplishments and problems — new national programs have been introduced that both focus on national economic and research objectives and seek to employ and promote the new operational mechanisms. Among others, these include the National Program for Tackling Key Technology Problems (1984), the Spark Program (1986), the National Development Program for High Technology, or 863 Program (1986), the Torch Program (1988), and the Climbing Program (1991).
We believe that China has the capacity not only to undertake ventures in big science but also to develop a strong tradition of strategic research that is closely linked to China‘s short-term programs of technological development. For this, some institutional realignment will be needed. A look at international experience in designing research consortia should also be helpful. We are strongly in favour of the openness that has been developing in China‘s S&T system over the last decade, and we see the exposure of young Chinese scientists to foreign ways of doing and managing science as being crucial to China‘s own efforts.
Research institutes and institutions of higher education had to be induced to take the trouble to enter into contracts and to market their results. To this end, the guaranteed annual state appropriations to institutes deemed to be doing work of an applied nature were gradually reduced. But once the elements of marketization were introduced, it also became clear that if technical knowledge was to be considered more of a commodity, it would be necessary to find a means to place a value on that knowledge and to clarify and protect the ownership rights of this commodity.
A Decade of Reform: Science & Technology Policy in China by International Development Research Centre