By Robert C. King
The booklet of this totally up to date version of A Dictionary of Genetics coincides with the hundredth anniversary of the advent of the time period genetics through William Bateson in 1906 on the 3rd foreign convention on Genetics. given that then genetics has made super advances in wisdom and strategy and now occupies a pivotal place within the lifestyles sciences because the strongest capacity for probing primary questions in mobilephone biology, improvement, and evolution. The selection of sequences of whole genomes, the research of gene expression and genetic edition on an international scale, and the power to quickly enlarge gene sequences and to accomplish particular gene disruptions are only a few examples of significant achievements during this box. Proliferation of latest phrases unavoidably accompanies such outstanding growth. This re-creation of the Dictionary addresses the desires of scholars, educators, and medical geneticists for an authoritative and up to date reference paintings that not just defines the newest phrases, yet in general, additionally provides very important ancillary encyclopedic info. A Dictionary of Genetics is exclusive in that it contains phrases from a variety of disciplines which now intertwine with genetics, together with molecular biology, mobilephone biology, medication, botany, and evolutionary experiences. Its 7,000 cross-referenced definitions are supported via a great choice of line drawings, tables, and chemical formulae. One-fifth of the Dictionary is dedicated to 6 appendices to which the definitions are cross-referenced and which include a rare trove of supplementary details. This features a chronology of vital advances spanning the years 1590 to 2005, lists of necessary websites and periodicals, a category of residing organisms into an evolutionary hierarchy, and a pattern desk of genome sizes and gene numbers. those gains make A Dictionary of Genetics a lexicon unprecedented within the box. For the 1st time, the Dictionary is out there on Oxford Reference on-line (ORO): top rate assortment!
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Additional resources for A Dictionary of Genetics
Coli by T4 phage and prevents recognition of initiation sites by the sigma factor of RNA polymerase. antitermination factor a protein that allows an RNA polymerase to ignore signals to stop translation at particular sites in DNA molecules. antitoxin an antibody that neutralizes a speciﬁc toxin. See Corynebacterium diphtheriae. anucleate anucleolate without a nucleus. without a nucleolus. anucleolate mutation a mutation arising from the loss of the nucleolus organizer. Such mutations have been observed in Drosophila, Chironomus, and Xenopus.
Angelman syndrome (AS) androgenic gland a gland found in most crustaceans belonging to the subclass Malacostraca. When implanted into maturing females, the gland brings about masculinization of primary and secondary sex characters. androgen insensitivity syndrome a condition in which XY individuals develop as normal-appearing, but sterile, females. Spermatogenesis does not occur in the testes, which are generally located inside the abdomen. Also called testicular feminization. ; androgen receptor, androgen receptor gene.
See double fertilization. antirepressor See cro repressor. Antirrhinum a genus of decorative ﬂowers commonly called snapdragons. The scientiﬁc name was given by Linnaeus in the ﬁrst (1753) edition of the Species Plantarum. A. majus has 8 chromosomes, and it was a classical species for the study of multiple alleles. Antirrhinum research has made important contributions to the understanding of the biosynthesis of ﬂoral pigments and of photosynthetic pathways and their regulation. ). One of these, Tam1, was one of the ﬁrst plant transposons to have its nucleotide sequence determined.
A Dictionary of Genetics by Robert C. King