By David J. Beintema
"Research on repiratory, circulatory, genetical and biochemical gains of the neonate has made large growth in recent times, yet wisdom of the functionality of C.N.S. at the present in nonetheless scanty. The mind of the younger child has been the overlooked organ par excellence. There at the moment are symptoms that this case is altering. study on mind mechanisms of the younger little one has frequently been restricted to reports of unmarried responses of reflexes. This has ended in an in depth description of the repertoire of mind mechanisms. those findings within the boy or girl have been with regards to neurological mechanisms present in pathological situation s of the grownup mind lately, even if, the developmental tactics of the child mind have ben studied of their personal correct.
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Extra info for A Neurological Study of Newborn Infants. Clinics in Developmental Medicine, No. 28
This is particularly relevant for the first-day examinations (Table 19). The other results of this study have not provided a causal explanation for this finding. Theoretically there are at least 3 possibilities : (1) Prenatal, paranatal or postnatal conditions may influence the predominant state of the infant during the examinations. The influences on the first two or three days after birth may be different from influences on later days. There is no evidence for this explanation in our study. There was no relationship on any of the days between the predominant states of the infants and the occurrence of obstetrical complications, the administration of drugs to the mother during labour, the Apgar-scores or any of the recorded postnatal non-neurological signs (jaundice, dehydration signs, gastro-intestinal signs).
3) No relationship was found with prenatal or perinatal data, postnatal nonneurological signs, or state predominance. Resistance against Passive Movements There are many terms in the literature to describe muscle tone. Concepts like passivité and extensibilité (André-Thomas and Saint-Anne Dargassies 1952), muscle tone (Paine 1961, Schulte and Schwenzel 1965), resistance to extension (Yang 1962), resistance against passive movements (Prechtl and Beintema 1964), are hardly comparable with each other, since not only is the technique of examination different, but the terminology is based on a diversity of uncollated criteria.
2) State predominance (or absence of state predominance) was found to be a characteristic of the infants : (a) when consecutive days are considered, (b) for the first 4 days and last 5 days of the neonatal period when non-consecutive days are considered. 40 (3) The scores for alterability of the state by handling (which reflect the difficulty or ease of altering the infant's state) on the first day did not correlate significantly with the scores on later days. From the 6th day onwards the daily scores were predictive of the scores at the final examination (on the 8th or 9th day).
A Neurological Study of Newborn Infants. Clinics in Developmental Medicine, No. 28 by David J. Beintema