L. P. Hughston's An introduction to general relativity PDF

By L. P. Hughston

ISBN-10: 0521327059

ISBN-13: 9780521327053

ISBN-10: 052133943X

ISBN-13: 9780521339438

This long-awaited textbook deals a concise one-semester creation to uncomplicated normal relativity compatible for arithmetic and physics undergraduates. Emphasis is put on the student's improvement of either a superior actual seize of the topic and a cosmopolitan calculational facility. The textual content is supplemented by means of a variety of geometrical diagrams and through a wide collection of not easy workouts and difficulties.

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45 15 GENERAL RESULTS OF THE THEORY It is clear from our previous considerations that the (special) theory of relativity has grown out of electrodynamics and optics. e. the derivation of laws, and—what is incomparably more important—it has considerably reduced the number of independent hypotheses forming the basis of theory. The special theory of relativity has rendered the Maxwell-Lorentz theory so plausible, that the latter would have been generally accepted by physicists even if experiment had decided less unequivocally in its favour.

Figure 3 In accordance with the principle of relativity we shall certainly have to take for granted that the propagation of light always takes place with the same velocity w with respect to the liquid, whether the latter is in motion with reference to other bodies or not. The velocity of light relative to the liquid and the velocity of the latter relative to the tube are thus known, and we require the velocity of light relative to the tube. It is clear that we have the problem of Section 6 again before us.

We thus see that the velocity of transmission relative to the reference-body K′ is also equal to c. The same result is obtained for rays of light advancing in any other direction whatsoever. Of course this is not surprising, since the equations of the Lorentz transformation were derived conformably to this point of view. 12 THE BEHAVIOUR OF MEASURING-RODS AND CLOCKS IN MOTION I place a metre-rod in the x′-axis of K′ in such a manner that one end (the beginning) coincides with the point x′ = 0, whilst the other end (the end of the rod) coincides with the point x′ = 1.

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An introduction to general relativity by L. P. Hughston

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